Strategic initiatives of the International Energy Agency IEA within the framework of the Paris Agreement and the Climate Change Treaty. The Strategic Alliance "Net Zero by 2050". Risks, strategies, climate challenges 2050
1. Kazan Federal University, Department of high-viscosity oils and natural bitumen. Russian Gas Society
The Paris Agreement, a climate change treaty that was adopted at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP) in Paris in 2015. The COP is the highest decision-making body of the UN Framework Agreement on Climate Change. The purpose of the treaty is to limit the increase in global temperature to a level significantly below 2 °C compared to the pre – industrial level and seek to limit it to 1.5 °C above the pre-industrial level. This requirement will be met either by "Net Zero" or "Sustainable Development", other IEA scenarios do not fulfill the requirement. The Paris Agreement is often presented as a legally binding commitment to limit climate change, which is true to some extent. According to the Paris Agreement, each signatory must submit nationally determined contributions (NDC) during a five-year cycle, and each NDC must be more stringent than the previous one. This procedural component is legally binding. However, there is no provision.
Keywords: climate challenges 2050., strategies, Risks, The Strategic Alliance "Net Zero by 2050", Paris Agreement and the Climate Change Treaty, International Energy Agency IEA, Strategic initiatives