Природные энергоносители и углеродные материалы & Natural energy sources and carbon materials
Электронный научный журнал

Технические науки
Biofuels based on raw materials of plant origin
Kemalov A.F. 1, Kemalov R.A. 2, Mansurov O.P. 1

1. Kazan Federal University, Department of high-viscosity oils and natural bitumen
2. Kazan Federal University, Department of high-viscosity oils and natural bitumen, Russian Gas Society


The global energy supply comes mainly from fossil fuels (oil, natural gas and coal), which contribute more than 82% to help the world meet its energy needs. Fossil fuels are an energy source that pollutes the environment, in terms of greenhouse gases, gas emissions; 56.67% of all greenhouse gas emissions come from the burning of oil. Greenhouse gas emissions lead to anthropocentric global warming - the main reason for the change. Thus, the growing global demand for food, energy and water is putting pressure on the sustainability of the "planetary boundaries", requiring action for sustainable production in all sectors. Considering that 60% of the oil is used in the transport sector, fuel production has become necessary as an alternative and renewable energy source. Bioethanol has become a great option for efficiency, energy balance and cost, which makes several countries compete

Keywords: biofuels, cane, extraction, alternative energy sources

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